The smallest sphere of matter. (united, first whole number, indivisible, particle) - (can not travel independently) - (smallest part of a U1 sea or smallest part of a structure). . .
It is important to establish the basic understanding that there is no such thing as Empty Space. . . In the extreme realm of the miniscule, so called empty space is composed of spherical (bubble like) matter. These are the U1 Particles. They are extremely small, round and lightly touching each other. They all have the same amount of mass. Because of the absence of empty space they can only rotate, expand, contract and move in unison. They do not travel through space. Only independent composite particles can do that. This could be called a sub sub atomic sea, or if you prefer a gas. A gas would be more like empty space but keep in mind no emptiness between particles.
In the standard model of the Universe, if a U1 Particle was alone in empty space and encountered a burst of energy it would rotate faster, then because of the rotation it would get bigger. This is the way everybody thinks of particles and energy. In the Logical Universe Model, a U1 Particle is part of a matrix of space time. When U1 particles encounter a burst of energy they rotate faster but can not get bigger, they must use the energy by shrinking in size. This is because they would have to push away neighboring particles if they expand. It is easier to use the energy by speeding up and getting smaller.
All U1 Particles rotate, that is how they use most of their energy. When they rotate they create gravity because they get smaller and pull other U1 particles to fill the void. The rotation also produces a north and south pole for each particle which brings magnetic properties in to existence. This of coarse, influences adjoining particles as well. If there is no rotation there is no gravity or magnetism. One clockwise, one counterclockwise. Add a third, the community gets more complex. Add a fifth and sixth, the more complex it gets because they are all influencing each other. (keep in mind we are in 3 dimensions not just 2). When a group of particles encounters a burst of energy it changes their size and density. As energy increases size decreases and gravity increases. This causes clumping. Now, if the clumping, (number of U1 particles), and the influence, (gravity), and rotation, (energy), reach a balance, (electromagnetic lock), the clumped group can become relatively separated from the others and become a new entity unto itself. It would become a composite particle. The opposite is true when particles lose energy. As they slow rotation they expand and lose gravity and group integrity.
Composite U1 particles..... U1 particles because of higher and higher energy influence can become anything from a Neutrino to a Black Hole. It just depends on the circumstance of their surroundings. Composite particles are held together by symbiotic electromagnetism. (a balance of gravity, energy, mass). They are separated from the elementary sea therefore can travel. . .
When U1 particles cool, (loose energy), they expand and their rotation slows down. This is what is known as "Dark Energy". The slower they rotate the weaker the integrity and the bigger the expanse. When at ultimate cold, rotation slows to a stop. Because they are not rotating, there is no pull or influence on neighboring particles. Space Time is at its maximum expanse, then the bubble pops so to speak and Space Time collapses. After the U1 Particle pops and collapses there is a slight residue of matter left over. This is called "Cold Matter". The residual cold matter has no energy or gravity but is part of shrunk space time. It won't react to the energy of other U1 particles because in its present form, (non spherical), it cant rotate. The only thing that can change this is another creation event. . .
How big are U1 particles?
This is an extremely difficult question to answer because it depends on the energy level of the U1 particle. Bare in mind they all have the same amount of mass but when energy is added or subtracted they change their size drastically. I think of them as soap bubble like particles. If we use the area of a Proton as a standard, it certainly takes millions if not billions of U1 particles to form the Proton. In a Black Hole it is surely trillions upon trillions per same volume. Now, if an area the size of a Proton is located in inter galactic space, it would have far fewer U1 particles because of lower energy levels. Maybe, only hundreds of thousands for that instance. To add more confusion, Protons can change size because they are made of U1 particles, so a volume measurement is hard to define.
This brings us to a point where mathematics is needed to add clarity. If we use logic, reason and relativity for the size of particles, it should wind up being somewhere around 10 to the -30. As you can see mathematics would have much more credibility. Unfortunately I am not a mathematician but If I were, It would take me a lifetime to figure this one out. I am certain, that when this area of complexity is tackled by skilled mathematicians, the problem will be solved.
Home Definitions 15 Step Hypothesis Matter Energy SEL Space Time LHC Nuclear Forces
Particle Evolution Quantum Fields Atom Light Waves Radio Waves How it all Works Black Holes Antimatter Life Conclusion
Hydrogen Fusion Birth of Stars Nuclear Fission Death of Stars